Do not wait to have sex to seek advice about contraception. Make sure you inform yourself well in advance. Contrary to what many adults believe, there is no evidence to disprove the belief that explicit information about sex and contraception encourages young people to be promiscuous and to experiment.
Actually, the opposite become true: the more informed you are, the more responsible you can be. Unfortunately, there are still thousands of pregnancies per year in adolescents: do not join this sad and unnecessary statistics. If you decide to have complete intercourse; use a safe method of contraception. Remember, the responsibility of contraception shared with your boyfriend or girlfriend.
Ideally, you should look for advice on contraception in your parents. It may bother you less if you touch the topic before starting a sexual relationship. If you find it difficult to trust your parents about sexual matters, consult your doctor, family clinic or information center.
It is possible to get pregnant even:
- If there is no penetration: The spilled sperm can reach the vagina of the girl if the penis has come very close.
- If a boy promises to “be careful” by withdrawing his penis just before ejaculating. He may even promise not to ejaculate, but do not believe him.
- If she avoids sexual intercourse during ovulation (the so-called natural contraception.
- If she has intercourse for a period, ovulation may appear soon after she starts bleeding
- If it’s the first time, you have a complete sex.
- If she did not have an orgasm
- If she washes her vagina or douches after intercourse.
Avoiding sex during ovulation is not a reliable form of contraception. Next, there are several types of contraceptives that are more effective in preventing pregnancy if used according to the instructions:
The pill: it is 99% effective. The combined capsules contain progesterone and estrogen; the minipills are only progesterone. You can obtain them through the clinic or the doctor.
The condom is 98% effective. It is fixed on the erect penis or inside the vagina, as appropriate. It is available in shops and pharmacies. Protects against STDs Never use it again.
In order to make sex safe against STDs, you should use a condom for all forms of sex with penetration: anal and oral, as well as vaginal. Make sure you know how to use it properly and never use expired condoms. Practice safe sex, think carefully about your sexual behavior.
While condoms are good for safe sex, do not rely on them alone to avoid pregnancy. Semen can spill if you do not know how to use the condom correctly, or if you used a condom. For girls, it is better to use the pill or also a diaphragm.
The diaphragm is 93% effective. It fixed around the cervix. Use with spermicidal cream. It can be re-used as indicated by the doctor.
The IUD is 98% effective. Only for women who have had a child. A small device inserted vaginally into the uterus by a doctor or nurse.
The pill for the next day: it should be taken within 72 hours after intercourse. Available in some family planning centers.
Comment finally that while condoms are good for safe sex, do not rely on them alone to avoid pregnancy. Semen can spill if you do not know how to use the condom correctly, or if you used a condom. For girls, it is better to use the pill or also a diaphragm.